What Timesheet Legal Requirements You Should Know About

Timesheets track the number of hours a team member works on a project or task and allow their employer to bill them accordingly.

More than just simplifying the billing process, timesheets reduce time wastage and improve project management and client communication. But for all their benefits, are timesheets a legal requirement to run a business?

What Timesheet Legal Requirements You Should Know About

The simplest answer would be yes, timesheets are a legally required document. Employers have to keep accurate records of employee work hours as part of the requirements for recordkeeping from the Federal Law. And timesheets are the best tracking time method for the job.

In today’s article, we’ll be writing about the labor laws that apply to timekeeping, i.e., timesheets, and the different laws and regulations that are imposed on hourly and salaried employees, including sanctions for not following the laws and more. 

Let’s start off with a little bit of history.

The Fair Labor Standards Act

Every company registered in the United States is required to track the work hours of its employees or team members in order to comply with the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

The Fair Labor Standards Act, or FLSA for short, is a thoroughgoing law that transformed America’s working culture in profound new ways. Apart from tracking employee work hours and keeping time tracking records, the law introduced some revolutionary acts that brought massive improvements to the old legal framework, such as:

  • A minimum wage for any type of work.
  • A maximum limit of 40 work hours per week with a 150% pay rate obligation for overtime work.
  • Work regulations that made manufacturing and metallurgical labor illegal for children under 18. The employment of children under 16 during school hours also became illegal.

Are Timesheets Required by Law?

While the legal action has been around since the 1930s, since then, it has been put through several modifications, including several amendments. Today, the act has evolved to the point where it’s a cornerstone of the relationship between employers and employees.

The fact that all company owners/employers are required to use some kind of timekeeping method to track their employees’ work hours make timesheets a legal requirement.

Employers can track their employee’s hours using different timesheet methods, such as paper timesheet templates, computer-based timesheet templates such as Microsoft Excel, or timesheet software.

All of these time tracking methods are in compliance with the law as long as they procure accurate and complete records of employee work hours. 

Now, let’s see how you can ensure that your timesheets are compliant.

Timesheet Legal Requirements - How to Ensure Your Timesheets Are Compliant

Your timesheet system needs to be in compliance with several different laws and regulations, including federal, general, and state laws and different regulations regarding employee timekeeping.

What Timesheet Legal Requirements You Should Know About

Timesheet Compliance

Simply put, timesheet compliance means that a company owner or employer adheres to federal and general timekeeping laws and industry standards by recording and keeping employee timesheet records.

From an employee’s point of view, this entails:

  • Accurately tracking their work hours 
  • Submitting their timesheet on time

If an employer or company doesn’t stick to the rules of timesheet compliance, then a whole lot of gears might jam up the workspace. Some of the things that might go wrong include:

  • Difficulties in payroll due to inaccurate timesheet reports.
  • Disruption in project management due to inaccurate project resources.
  • Issues between clients and employees due to inaccurate invoices and untimely payments.

Therefore, as an employer, you need to enforce a timesheet policy that adheres to the laws and keeps things smooth in the company’s operation engine.

Timesheet Legal Requirements

In order to comply with the FLSA, your timesheet document has to include the following information:

  • Personal information, such as the employee’s full name, home address, occupation, sex, and birth date for employees under the age of 19.
  • The day and hour when the workweek starts.
  • The total hours worked per workday and workweek.
  • The total earnings for each workday and workweek.
  • The hourly pay rate for overtime work.
  • Total overtime for the workweek.
  • Deductions from or additions to the wages.
  • The total wage paid for each pay period.
  • The date of payment and pay period.

Now let’s dive into the different timesheet law requirements in more detail.

Timesheet Federal Law Requirements

The timesheet federal law states that every company is obliged to keep accurate records of employee work hours for hourly and non-exempt and exempt salary-employed workers.

These records should include:

  • The total hours worked per day
  • Clock-in and clock-out times
  • Breaks and mealtimes
  • Overtime hours
  • The total amount of paid wages
  • And other conditions of the company’s timesheet policy.

Moreover, the federal law requires that hourly employed workers should receive overtime wages 1.5 times above their hourly wage for workweeks that exceed 40 work hours. On the other hand, although the law doesn’t require you to track employee meal periods, employees should be paid for breaks that are shorter than 20 minutes and mealtimes shorter than 30 minutes per day.

When a company fails to adhere to the FLSA timekeeping requirements, it will be subjected to penalties and fines. This is why it’s of utmost importance that the company devises a system to collect timesheet data.

Timesheet General Law Requirements

Employers must follow the recordkeeping requirements imposed by FLSA. The act establishes and regulates the minimum and overtime wage, the recordkeeping, and the standards for youth employment. FLSA applies to:

  • Local employers
  • State employers
  • Federal government employers, 
  • Union halls, 
  • Health care employers, 
  • Public agency employers, 
  • School employers, 
  • And other types of private employers who have interstate companies or those that gross over $500,000 USD annually.

All of these businesses must comply with the timesheet policies and legal requirements imposed by the FLSA. Please note that different states might have their own additional laws and regulations regarding wage and hour laws.

In addition to keeping timesheets records, employers must keep employee records that include their name and surname, social security number, address of residency, and their annual salary.

State Timekeeping Laws 

Aside from universal and federal laws that all US companies must adhere to, there are also state laws and local business laws that employers have to take into consideration. 

Most states have their own local laws, so here are a few examples:

  • California law accepts paper timesheets, so there’s no need for employers to implement an electronic timekeeping system or time cards. The California Wage Orders require that employers keep accurate employee time records, and in:
  1. English language 
  2. Ink on paper timesheet form

Paper timesheets work just fine when you have just a few employees, but the extra work might be overwhelming for larger-scale companies, which is why we suggest switching to digital.

  • Washington law requires employers to pay non-exempt employees 1.5 times their regular wages if they have worked over 40 hours in a single week. 
  • The Texas Payday law requires employers to keep accurate records of payroll for every pay period. Moreover, the law also allows employers to use timesheets and time clocks to monitor employee work hours.

Time Tracking Regulations for Hourly Employees

While different countries have their own time clock rules and regulations, there are some universal regulations that all US states must adhere to in regard to hourly employees:

What Timesheet Legal Requirements You Should Know About
  • The FLSA states that the timesheet records must clearly state the date and time when a worker starts work and the date and time when a worker finishes work, as well as the number of daily and weekly work hours.
  • Hourly employees must be compensated for each hour they’ve worked.
  • Working off the clock is illegal. If an employee is made to work off the clock, they can file a complaint to the Department of Labor or a lawsuit under the terms of unpaid wages under the Fair Labor Act.
  • Clock-ins and clock-outs are rounded to the nearest quarter of an hour under the 7-minute rule.
  • Employers can modify an employee’s time card without them being aware, but they have to pay that employee for all hours they’ve worked.
  • Timesheet records must be kept for clock-ins, clock-outs, overtime, and employee breaks in order for everything to be in compliance with FLSA.
  • Employers should make their employees wait until their shift has started before they clock in. Accordingly, employees cannot be asked to work or perform any type of work-related duty before they officially clock in and start their shift.
  • The employer should decide how many hours a week an hourly employee should work. If the employee works over 40 hours a week, the employer has to pay them 1.5 times their daily wage for overtime work.

Time Tracking Regulations for Salaried Employees

Salaried employees aren’t required to track their working hours because:

  • Salaried employees are entitled to receive their base pay no matter how many hours they’ve clocked in at work during the workweek.
  • Salaried employees are required to complete their assigned tasks and duties no matter how long it takes them.
  • Salaried employees cannot get their pay docked by their employer unless they are absent from work for a full day. For example, if an employee needs to leave the workspace after the break, then the employer cannot dock that day’s wages.

The things they have to track are:

  • Time off, i.e., short-notice leave
  • Vacation leave
  • Holidays
  • Sick-leave
  • Payroll periods
  • Overtime if the company allows it

Freelancers, contractors, and volunteers are excluded from the statutes of FLSA as they have their own laws regarding labor.

Timesheet Fraud

If you have a business that tracks work hours with manual timesheets, then you’re running at risk of exposing your company to a few inefficiencies and inaccuracies that might violate federal and general laws regarding employee work hours.

In some cases, you can be up against employee fraud. Inaccurate timekeeping inside a company and timesheet fraud are common in companies that still use the manual system for keeping timesheet data.

Some of the timesheet frauds can be in the form of:

  • Inflating work hours - where employees can manually enter how many hours they’ve worked
  • Falsifying timesheets - If the data from employee attendance has to be put manually in a time card or timesheet, then it’s very easy for dishonest employees to alter these figures to suit their needs.
  • Nepotism - This happens when management favors an employee and schedules that particular employee to work on specific tasks rather than other available employees. 
  • Various errors due to delays in completing timesheets - Manual timesheets can be a hassle and some companies are so late in filling and submitting them that employees are known to be working on timesheets for work hours they had completed months ago.

In order to minimize timesheet fraud, you, as an employer, can take some measures that will enhance your company’s time tracking capabilities and stay inside the compounds of the law, such as:

  • Create a clear company-wide timesheet policy
  • Use an electronic timesheet method or timesheet software
  • Create a company-wide disciplinary measure for timesheet offenders. Once your employees know the consequences of committing timesheet fraud, they’re likely to fall in line and act appropriately. 

By switching to a timesheet software, your company can send clean invoices, timely submitted timesheets, accurate billing reports, and so much more.

MyHours.com is a state-of-the-art timekeeping software tool that can bring any type of company into the 21st century and help businesses adhere to federal, state, and general laws regarding employee timekeeping, while making that process as simple as possible.